Gastritis

Gastritis is the main name used for any condition that involves inflammation of the stomach lining. Gastritis can be either acute (happens all of a sudden) or chronic (happens over time).

For most people, gastritis is minor and will go away quickly after treatment. There are some forms of gastritis that can produce ulcers or cause a higher risk for cancer.

Gastritis is related to heartburn and gas formation in stomach. In acidity, acid reflux or Gastro esophageal reflux disease (GERD), or more commonly known as 'Urdhvag Amalpitta' in Ayurveda, there is a movement of gastric juices (acid in nature) from the stomach into the lower part of esophagus.


Causes

The most common causes of gastritis are:

  1. Certain medicines, such as aspirin, ibuprofen, or naproxen and other similar drugs
  2. Heavy alcohol drinking
  3. Infection of the stomach with a bacteria called Helicobacter pylori

Less common causes are:

  1. Autoimmune disorders (such as pernicious anemia)
  2. Backflow of bile into the stomach (bile reflux)
  3. Cocaine abuse
  4. Eating or drinking caustic or corrosive substances (such as poisons)
  5. Extreme stress
  6. Viral infection, such as cytomegalovirus and herpes simplex virus (more often occurs in people with a weak immune system)
  7. Trauma or a severe, sudden illness such as major surgery, kidney failure, or being placed on a breathing machine may cause gastritis.

What Are the Symptoms of Gastritis?

Symptoms of gastritis vary among individuals and in many people there are no symptoms. However, the most common symptoms include:

  1. Nausea or recurrent upset stomach
  2. Abdominal bloating
  3. Abdominal pain
  4. Vomiting
  5. Indigestion
  6. Burning or gnawing feeling in the stomach between meals or at night
  7. Hiccups
  8. Loss of appetite
  9. Vomiting blood or coffee ground-like material
  10. Black, tarry stools

Treatment

  1. Vranaropana
  2. Sodana, Samana, Stambhana Chikitsa.
  3. Panchkarma therapy
  4. Naturopathy therapy
  5. Life style modification programme

Gastritis diet

Your diet is important for your digestive and overall health. What you put in your stomach can make a difference in the health of your digestive system. For instance, some forms of gastritis are caused by drinking alcohol too often or too much at one time. Avoiding some foods and beverages and eating others can help manage the condition.


What to eat on a gastritis diet

There are some foods that may help manage your gastritis and lessen the symptoms. These include:

  1. high-fiber foods such as apples, oatmeal, broccoli, carrots, and beans
  2. low-fat foods such as fish, chicken, and turkey breast
  3. foods with low acidity, or are more alkaline, like vegetables
  4. drinks that are not carbonated
  5. drinks without caffeine
  6. probiotics such as kombucha, yogurt, kimchi, and sauerkraut

Some studies show that probiotics may help with Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori). H. pylori is bacteria that causes an infection in the digestive system which can lead to gastritis or stomach ulcers.


Foods to avoid on a gastritis diet

Foods that are high in fat may worsen inflammation in the lining of the stomach. Some other foods to avoid because they can irritate the stomach are:

  1. alcohol
  2. coffee
  3. acidic foods like tomatoes and some fruits
  4. fruit juice
  5. fatty foods
  6. fried foods
  7. carbonated drinks
  8. spicy foods
  9. allergenic or symptomatic foods

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